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Stack of six colorful, leather bound books

Stack of six colorful, leather bound books

Congratulations to Virginia Tech Center for Autism Research affiliates and co-authors on these 2020 publications!

Emotion regulation, emotionality, and expression of emotions: A link between social skills, behavior, and emotion problems in children with ASD and their peers in Research in Developmental Disabilities by VT Pscyhology Department co-authors Nuri M. Reyes, Reina Factor, Angela Scarpa   


Access to Autism Spectrum Disorder Services for Rural Appalachian Citizens in the Journal of Appalachian Health by (affiliates) Angela Scarpa, Angela Dahiya, Denis Gracanin, Jordan Albright, Alyssa Gatto, Jen Scott; (co-authors) Laura Jensen, Sharon Ramey, L. Maria Ingram, Lisa Ruble


Sluggish Cognitive Tempo in Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, and Their Comorbidity: Implications for Impairment in the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology by  (affiliates) Tyler McFayden, Angela Scarpa, Angela Dahiya, Thomas H. Ollendick; (co-author) Matthew A. Jarrett, Susan W. White



Most recent publications, alphabetical by Affiliate's last name:

R. Ashley and C. Parmeter.  2020.  “Sensitivity Analysis of OLS Multiple Regression Inference with Respect to Possible Linear Endogeneity in the Explanatory Variables, for Both Modest and for Extremely Large Samples”.  Econometrics (in press).

R. Ashley K. P. Tsang and Randal Verbrugge.  2020.  “A New Look at Historical Monetary Policy and the Great Inflation through the Lens of a Persistence-Dependent Policy Rule”.  Oxford Economic Papers (in press).

Broomell, A.P.R., Smith, C.L., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A.  (2020). Context of maternal intrusiveness during infancy and associations with preschool executive function.  Infant and Child Development, 29, e2162.

Clark, E.A., Duncan, S.E., Bell, M.A., Lahne, J., Gallagher, D.L., & O’Keefe, S.F. (2020 pre-proof). Characterizing consumer emotional response to milk packaging guides interpretation of consumer behavior.  Food Quality and Preference.

Clark, E.A., Kessinger, J., Duncan, S.E., Bell, M.A., Lahne, J., Gallagher, D.L., & O’Keefe, S.F. (2020). The Facial Action Coding System for characterization of human affective response to consumer product-based stimuli: A systematic review.  Frontiers in Psychology / Emotion Science, 11, article 920.

Gartstein, M.A., Hancock, G.R., Potapova, N.V., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2020). Modeling development of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry: Sex differences and links with temperament.  Developmental Science, 23, e12891.

Helm, A.F., McCormick, S.A., Deater-Deckard, K., Smith, C.L., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2020). Parenting and children’s executive function stability across the transition to school.  Infant and Child Development, 29, e2171.

Liu, R., & Bell, M.A. (2020).  Fearful temperament and the risk for child and adolescent anxiety: The role of attention biases and effortful control.  Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 23, 205-228.

Liu, R., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2020 on-line). Frontal EEG asymmetry moderates the associations between negative temperament and behavioral problems during childhood. Development and Psychopathology.

Blankenship, T. L., Slough, M. A., Calkins, S. D., Deater-Deckard, K., Kim-Spoon, J., & Bell, M.A. (2019). Attention and executive functioning in infancy: Links to childhood executive function and reading achievement. Developmental Science, 22, e12824.

Brito, N.H., Fifer, W.P., Amso, D., Barr, R., Bell, M.A., Calkins, S., Flynn, A., Montgomery-Downs, H.E., Oakes, L.M., Richards, J.E., Samuelson, L.M., & Colombo, J. (2019). Beyond the Bayley: Neurocognitive assessments of development during infancy and toddlerhood. Developmental Neuropsychology, 44, 220-247.

Broomell, A.P.R., Savla, J., & Bell, M.A. (2019).  Infant electroencephalogram coherence and toddler inhibition are associated with social responsiveness at age 4.  Infancy, 24, 43-56.

Diaz, A., Swingler, M.S., Tan, L., Smith, C.L., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2019). Infant frontal EEG asymmetry moderates the association between maternal behavior and toddler negative affectivity.  Infant Behavior and Development, 55, 88-99.

Kim-Spoon, J., Deater-Deckard, K., King-Casas, B., Calkins, S., & Bell, M. A. (2019). Commonality between executive functioning and effortful control related to adjustment. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 60, 47-55.

Kraybill, J.H., Kim-Spoon, J., & Bell, M.A. (2019). Infant attention and age 3 executive function. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 92, 3-11.

Makenzlie R. Taylor, Clinton R. Roby, Soad Elziny, Erin Duricy, Tina M. Taylor, & J. Michael Bowers. Age, but not sex, modulates Foxp3 expression in the rat brain across development. Neuroscience, 2020,

Watts, H., Rittenhouse, J., Sewall, K., Bowers, J.M. Does the expression of glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors differ with migratory state? Animal Migration, 6 (1): 19-27

Birt IA, Hagenauer MH, Clinton SM, Aydin C, Blandino P, Hilde K, Stead JDH, Meng F, Thompson RC, Khail H, Stefanov A, Maras P, Zhou Z, Hebda-Bauer EK, Goldman D, Watson SJ, Akil H. Genetic liability for internalizing versus externalizing behavior manifests in the developing and adult hippocampus: Insight from a meta-analysis of transcriptional profiling studies in a selectively-bred rat model. Biological Psychiatry, In Press 2020.

McCoy CR, Sabbagh MN, Huaman JP, Pickrell AM, Clinton SM. Oxidative metabolism alterations in the emotional brain of anxiety-prone rats. Progress in Neuro-Psychpharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 2019 Dec 20;95:109706. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2019.109706. Epub 2019 Jul 19. PMC6708503

Widman A.*, Cohen JL*, McCoy CR, Unroe KA, Glover ME, Khan AU, Bredeman T, McMahon LL, Clinton SM. Rats bred for high anxiety exhibit distinct fear-related coping behavior, hippocampal physiology, and synaptic plasticity-related gene expression. Hippocampus. 2019 Oct; 29(10):939-956. doi: 10.1002/hipo.23092. Epub 2019 Apr 17. PMID: 30994250

McCoy CR*, Glover ME, Flynn LT, Simmons RK, Cohen JL, Ptacek T, Lefkowitz EJ, Jackson NL, Akil H, Wu X, Clinton SM. Altered DNA Methylation in the Developing Brains of Rats Genetically Prone to High versus Low Anxiety. The Journal of Neuroscience, 39(16):3144-3158, 2019; PMC6468100.

Glover ME, McCoy CR, Shupe E, Unroe KA, Jackson NL, Clinton SM, Perinatal exposure to the SSRI paroxetine increases offspring’s depression-like behavior through changes in hippocampal DNA methylation, European Journal of Neuroscience, 2019 Jul;50(2):1843-1870. doi: 10.1111/ejn.14315. Epub 2019 Jan 28. PMID: 30585666

Garner, P.W., Dunsmore, J.C. & Bassett, H. (2020). Direct and indirect pathways to early school adjustment: Roles of young children's mental representations and peer victimization. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 51, 100 – 109. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2019.09.001

Dunsmore, J., Ashley, R., Zhou, Y., Swain, D., Factor, R., Broomell, A., Waldron, J., Bell, M.A., & Scarpa, A.  (2019). Marching to the beat of your own drum? A proof-of-concept study assessing physiological linkage in Autism Spectrum Disorder.  Biological Psychology, 144, 37-45.

Liuqing Li, Jack Geissinger, William A. Ingram, Edward A. Fox. Teaching Natural Language Processing through Big Data Text Summarization with Problem-Based Learning. Data and Information Management, ISSN:2543-9251, 4(1): 18-43, March 24, 2020, open access,,

Niu, Shuo; McCrickard, D. Scott; Nguyen, Julia; Haqq, Derek; Kotut, Lindah; Stelter, Timothy L. and Fox, Edward A.; "Investigating Paradigms of Group Territory in Multiple Display Environments", PACM (Proceedings of the ACM) on Human-Computer Interaction, Vol. 4 (GROUP, Article 13), Jan. 2020,

Ingram, William A., Bipasha Banerjee, and Edward A. Fox. "Summarizing ETDs with deep learning." Cadernos BAD 1 (2020): 46-52.

Zach, Florian J., Ma, Yufeng, Fox, Edward A. (2019). A Preliminary Analysis of Images in Online Hotel Reviews. e-Review of Tourism Research (eRTR), 16(2/3), 156-164.

Amirsina Torfi, Rouzbeh A. Shirvani, Yaser Keneshloo, Nader Tavvaf, Edward A. Fox. Natural Language Processing Advancements By Deep Learning: A Survey, Mar. 2020, arXiv:2003.01200,

Friedman, B.H. (2019). For distinguished contributions to psychophysiology: Julian F. Thayer. Psychophysiology, 2019;00:e13475.

Friedman, B.H., Scarpa, A., & Patriquin, M.A. (2019). The biopsychology of Autism Spectrum Disorder: Theory, methods, and evidence. Biological Psychology, 148, 1-2.

Pace-Schott, E.F., Amole, M., Aue, T., Balconi, M., Bylsma, L.M., Critchley, H., Demaree, H.A., Friedman, B.H., Gooding, A.E.K., Gosseries, O., Jovanovic, T., Kirby, L.A.J., Kozlowska, K., Laureys, S., Lowe, L., Magee, K., Marin, M-F., Merner, A., Robinson J.L., Smith, R.C., Spangler. D., Van Overveld, M., VanElzakker, M.B. (2019). Physiological feelings. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 103, 267-304. (co-author listing based on alphabetical order)

Patriquin, M.A., Hartwig, E.M., Friedman, B.H., & Porges, S.W., & Scarpa, A. (2019). Autonomic response in autism spectrum disorder: Relationship to social and cognitive functioning. Biological Psychology.145, 185-197.

A. Trubanova Wieckowski, L. T. Flynn, J. A. Richey, D. Gracanin, and S. W. White, “Measuring change in facial emotion recognition in individuals with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review,” Autism, pp. 1–22, 2020.

K. Matkovic, D. Gracanin, M. Beham, R. Splechtna, M. Meyer, and E. Ginina, “Integrated analysis and hypothesis testing for complex spatio-temporal data,” Transactions on Computational Science, 2020. To appear.

M.Waldner, A. Diehl, D. Gracanin, R. Splechtna, C. Delrieux, and K. Matkovic, “A comparison of radial and linear charts for visualizing daily patterns,” IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 26, pp. 1033–1042, Jan. 2020.

K. Matkovic, D. Gracanin, H. Hauser, and H.-J. Schulz, “Visual analytics for simulation ensemble,” ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation (TOMACS), 2020. To appear.

Meyer, C., Jackson, J. B., & Gutierrez, N. S. (in press). Long-term experiencing of parental death during childhood: A qualitative analysis. The Family Journal. Advance online publication.

Falconier, M. K., & Jackson, J. B. (in press). Economic strain and couple relationship functioning: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Stress Management. Advance online publication.

Miller, C. M., Jackson, J. B., & Landers, A. L. (in press). Married to a marriage therapist: An insider perspective. The American Journal of Family Therapy. Advance online publication.

Hoover, R. C., & Jackson, J. B. (in press). Insecure attachment, emotion dysregulation, and psychological aggression in couples. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Advance online publication.

Pietrabissa, G., Castelnuovo, G., Jackson, J. B., Rossi, A., Manzoni, G. M., & Gibson, P. (2019). Brief strategic therapy for bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder: A clinical and research protocol. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1-7.

Dahiya, A.V., McDonnell, C.G., DeLucia, E.A., & Scarpa, A. (2020). A systematic review of remote telehealth assessments for early signs of autism spectrum disorder:  Video and Mobile Applications. Practice Innovations. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/pri0000121

Fondren, K., Speidel, R., Lawson, M., McDonnell, C.G., & Valentino, K. (2020). Buffering the effects of childhood trauma within the school setting:  A systematic review of trauma-informed and trauma-responsive interventions among trauma-affected youth. Children and Youth Services Review, 109, 104691.

Fondren, K., Speidel, R., McDonnell, C.G., & Valentino, K. (2020). Elaborative reminiscing and child receptive language in the context of maltreatment:  The moderating role of maternal sensitivity. Child Maltreatment. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1077559519898753

Stanton, K., McDonnell, C.G., Hayden, E.P., & Watson, D. (2020). Transdiagnostic approaches to psychopathology measurement:  Recommendations for measure selection, data analysis, and participant recruitment. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 129(1), 21-28. doi: 10.1037/abn0000464. (5 year IF = 6.286)

McDonnell, C.G., DeLucia, E.A., Hayden, E.P., Anagnostou, E., Nicolson, R., … Stevenson, R.A. (2019). An exploratory analysis of predictors of youth suicide-related behaviors in autism spectrum disorder:  Implications for prevention science. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10803-019-04320-6

McDonnell, C.G., Fondren, K., Speidel, R., & Valentino, K. (2019). Emotion socialization and developmental risk:  Interactive effects of receptive language and maltreatment on reminiscing. Journal of Child and Family Studies. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10826-019-01592-5

Cornacchio, D., Furr, J.M., Sanchez, A.L., Hong, N., Feinberg, L.K., Tenenbaum, R., Del Busto, C., Bry, L.J., Poznanski, B., Miguel, E., Ollendick, T.H., Kurtz, S.M.S., & Comer, J.S. (2019). Intensive group behavioral treatment (IGBT) for children with selective mutism: A preliminary randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 87, 720-733.

Davis, T. E. III, Ollendick, T. H., & Öst, L-G. (2019). One-Session treatment of specific phobias in children: Recent developments and a systematic review. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 15, 233-256.

Essau, C.A., Sasagawa, S., Jones, G., Fernandes, B. & Ollendick, T. H. (2019).  Evaluating the real-world effectiveness of a Cognitive Behavior Therapy-based transdiagnostic programme for emotional problems in children in a regular school setting. Journal of Affective Disorders, 253, 357-365.

Factor, R. S., Ollendick, T. H., Cooper, L. D., Dunsmore, J. C., Rea, H. M., & Scarpa, A.S. (2019). All in the family: A systematic review of the effect of caregiver-administered autism spectrum disorder interventions on family functioning and relationships. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 22, 433- 457.

Muskett, A., Radtke, S., White, S. W., & Ollendick, T. H. (2019). Autism spectrum disorder and specific phobia: The role of sensory sensitivity.  Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 6, 289-293.

Ollendick, T. H., Ryan, S. R., Capriola-Hall, N. N., Isabel C. Salazar, I. C., & Caballo, V. E. (2019). Evaluation of the reliability and validity of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Children in adolescents with social anxiety disorder. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 41, 16-24. 

Ollendick, T.H., White, S.W., Richey, J.A., Kim-Spoon, J., Ryan, S.M., Wieckowski, A.T., Coffman, M.C., Elias, R.E., Strege, M.V., Capriola-Hall, N.N., & Smith, M. (2019). Attention bias modification treatment for adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder. Behavior Therapy, 50, 126-139. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2018.04.002

Rafihi-Ferreira, R. E., Lewis, K. M., McFayden, T., & Ollendick, T. H. (2019). Predictors of nighttime fears and sleep problems in young children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28, 941-949.

Sawyers, C., Ollendick, T. H., Brotman, M. A., Pine, D. S., Leibenluft, E., Carney, D. M., Roberson-Nay, R., & Hettema. J. M. (2019). The genetic and environmental structure of fear and anxiety in juvenile twins. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 180, 204-212.

Smith, I. C., Ollendick, T. H., & White, S. W.  (2019). Anxiety moderates the influence of ASD severity on quality of life in adults with ASD. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 62, 39 – 47.

Smith, I. C., Swain, D., Murphy, H. G., Ollendick, T. H., & White, S. W. (2019). The under- and over-identification of Autism: Factors associated with diagnostic referral. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 48, 393-399. doi:10.1080/15374416.2017.1342545

Walczak, M., Breinholst, S., Ollendick, T. H., & Esbjørn, B. H. (2019). Cognitive behavior therapy and metacognitive therapy: Moderators of treatment outcome for children with generalized anxiety disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 50, 449-458.

White, S. W., Capriola-Hall, N.N., Wieckowski, A. T., & Ollendick, T. H. (2019). Change in gaze-based attention bias in adolescents with social anxiety disorder. Cognition and Emotion, 33, 1736-1744. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2019.1598938

Wieckowski, A. T., Capriola-Hall, N. N., Elias, R., Ollendick, T. H., & White, S. W. (2019). Variability of attention bias in socially anxious adolescents: Differences in fixation duration toward adult and adolescent face stimuli. Cognition and Emotion, 33, 825-831.

Booker, J.A., Capriola-Hall, N.N., Greene, R., & Ollendick, T.H. (2020). The parent-child relationship and post-treatment child outcomes across two treatments for oppositional defiant disorder. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 49, 405-419. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2018.1555761

Capriola-Hall, N.N., Ollendick, T.H., & White, S.W. (2020). Gaze as an indicator of selective attention in adolescents with social anxiety disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 44, 145-155 doi: 10.1007/s10608-019-10038-7         

Muskett, A., Radtke, S., & Ollendick, T. H. (2020). Brief, intensive, and concentrated treatment of specific phobia in a child with minimally verbal autism spectrum disorder. Clinical Case Studies, 19(1), 3-16.

Rondon, A. T., Hilton, D., Jarrett, M.A., & Ollendick, T. H. (2020). Sleep, internalizing Problems, and social withdrawal: Unique associations in clinic-referred youth with elevated Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) symptoms. Journal of Attention Disorders, 24, 524-534. doi:10.1177/1087054718756197

Albright, J., Kulok, S., & Scarpa, A. (in press). A qualitative analysis of employer perspectives on the hiring and employment of adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation.

Condy, E., Factor, R.S., Swain, D.M., Strege, M.V., Scarpa, A. (in press). Maternal affect during a challenging mother-child interaction: The effects of broad autism phenotype and respiratory sinus arrhythmia reactivity. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Muskett, A., Capriola-Hall, N.N., Factor, R.S., Ryan, S., & Scarpa, A. (in press). Repetitive behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Associations with depression and anxiety symptoms, Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Dahiya, A. V., McDonnell, C., DeLucia, E., & Scarpa, A. (2020, May 28). A systematic review of remote telehealth assessments for early signs of Autism Spectrum Disorder: Video and mobile applications. Practice Innovations. Advance online publication.

McFayden, T., Jarrett, M.A., White, S.W., Scarpa, A., Dahiya, A. Ollendick, T.H. (2020). Sluggish cognitive tempo in Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, and their comorbidity: Implications for impairment, Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. DOI: 10.1080/15374416.2020.1716365

Scarpa, A., Jensen, L.S., Gracanin, D., Ramey, S.L., Dahiya-Singh, A.V., Ingram, L.M., Albright, J., Gatto, A., Scott, J.P., & Ruble, L.A. (2020). Access to Autism Spectrum Disorder services for rural Appalachian citizens. Journal of Appalachian Health, 2(1), 25-40. DOI:

Factor, R.S., Swain, D.M., Antezana, L., Muskett, A., Gatto, A.J., Radtke, S.R., Scarpa, A. (2019). Teaching emotion regulation to children with autism spectrum disorder: Outcomes of the Stress and Anger Management Program (STAMP). Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic. Special Issue: Evidence-Based Treatment and Conceptualization of Autism Spectrum Disorder, 83 (3), 235-258,

Achenie, L., Scarpa, A., Factor, R., Wang, T, Robins, D., McCrickard, D.S. (2019, advance online publication). A Machine Learning Strategy for Autism Screening in Toddlers. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. doi: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000000668.

Condy, E., Scarpa, A., & Friedman, B.H. (2019, advanced online publication). Restricted Repetitive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review from the Neurovisceral Integration Perspective. Biological Psychology, 148.

McFayden, T.C., Antezana, L., Albright, J., Muskett, A.E., & Scarpa, A. (2019). Sex differences in an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis: Are restricted repetitive behaviors and interests the key? Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 7, 119-126. doi: 10.1007/s40489-019-00183-w

Hassenfeldt, T. A., Factor, R. S., Strege, M. V., & Scarpa, A. (2019). How do Graduate Teaching Assistants perceive and understand their autistic college students? Autism in Adulthood, 1(3), 227-231. doi:10.1089/aut.2018.0039

Swain, D.M., Murphy, H., Hassenfeldt, T.S., Lorenzi, J., Scarpa, A. (2019). Evaluating Response to Group CBT in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist. doi: 10.1017/S1754470X19000011

Fisher, M.H., Josol, C.K., & Shivers, C.M. (In press). Friendship versus loneliness: An examination of social skills, friendship quality, and feelings of loneliness for adult with Williams syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Muruthi, B.A., Bermudez, M., Chou, J., Shivers, C.M., Gale, J., & Lewis, D.  (In press). Mother-Adult Daughter Questionnaire: Psychometric evaluation across first and second-generation black immigrant women. The Family Journal.

Shivers, C.M., & Resor, J. (In press). Health and life satisfaction among parents of children with physical disabilities. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities.

Lee, G.K., Shivers, C.M., & Krizova, K. (2019). Needs, strain, coping, and mental health among caregivers of individuals with autism spectrum disorder: A moderated mediation analysis. Autism. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1362361319833678  

Shivers, C.M. (2019). Empathy and perceptions of their brother or sister among adolescent siblings of individuals with and without autism spectrum disorder. Research in Developmental Disabilities. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103451  

Williams, T.O., & Ernst, J.V. (In press). Trends in technology and engineering education teacher characteristics. Journal of Technology Education.

Bowers, S., Williams, T.O., & Ernst, J.V. (2020). Profile of an elementary STEM educator. Journal of STEM Education: Innovations and Research, 21(1), 50-57.

Mullins, R., Williams T.O., & Hicks, D., Mullis, S.B. (2020). Can we meet our mission? Examining the professional development of social studies teachers to support students with disabilities and emergent bilingual learners. The Journal of Social Studies Research, 44(1), 195-208.

Bettini, E., Gilmour, A. F., Williams, T. O., & Billingsley, B. (2020). Predicting special and general educators’ intent to continue teaching using conservation of resources theory. Exceptional Children, 86(3), 310-329.

Williams, T.O, Ernst, J., Kelly, D. P., & Clarke, A., (2019). A confirmatory factor analysis of the PSVT: R with data from engineering design graphics majors.  Engineering Design Graphics Journal, 83(1), 27-34.

Williams, T.O., Peterson, B., & Ernst, J.V. (2019). Technology and engineering education teacher commitment: An analysis of educator supports and demands. Journal of Technology Studies, 45(1), 2-7.

Billingsley, B., Bettini, E., & Williams, T. (2019). Teacher diversity in special and general education: Composition and distribution of teachers of color across schools, Remedial and Special Education, 40(4), 199-212. (In special issue, A Necessary Step in Pursuit of Equity: Developing a Racially/Ethnically Diverse Special Education Teaching Force).